Labor Law in United Kingdom

The labor law in United Kingdom is very flexible; there is small limitation by the law for employers. 

Contract of work
All employees are entitled to a contract of employment that forms the basis of the employment relationship. The following details must be included in the written statement:
• employer’s and employee’s name
• job title or job description
• date the employment began, place of work and address of employer
• amount of pay and interval between payments
• hours of work, holiday pay and sick pay entitlements
• pension arrangements
• notice period
• grievance and appeal arrangements
• disciplinary rules or dismissal procedures
Over the years, employees have become entitled to a wide range of statutory rights, derived from parliamentary acts and regulations that affect the employment relationship. In general they cannot be waived and include the right:

Working hours
The employer contract will state the number of hours he is expected to work and how much holiday he is entitled to. There are regulations that set out the maximum number of hours a person should work each week. In general young people between school leaving age, and 18 years old should work a maximum of 40 hours a week, or 8 hours a day. For workers of 18 or over the figure is 48 hours a week.

Minimum wages
The minimum wages in the United Kingdom is since 1. 10. 2008 the amount 993.20 pounds sterling (1 186 EUR) per month.

Ending employment
The contract can be terminated in various ways:

  • by expiry of the agreed term (temporary contract)
  • notice (dismissal) by employer or employee
  • termination by mutual agreement
  • setting aside of the contract by the cantonal court
  • death of the employee

Holiday
All workers have a statutory right to at least four weeks paid annual leave (20 days paid holiday if his work five days a week).

Bc. Petr Gola

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